Should AI have the same rights as humans?

AI and Human Rights


Abdulrahman AlJohani | Edited by I.T. Aras

11/6/20233 min read


Artificial Intelligence (AI) has made remarkable progress in recent years, raising intriguing questions about the ethical and legal implications of granting AI systems similar rights to humans. This article examines the concept of AI having the same rights as humans, highlighting the challenges and opportunities it presents. Drawing upon scholarly research and ethical considerations, this discussion explores the potential consequences and the necessity of developing AI rights in the future.


The evolution of AI technology has sparked debate over whether AI should be granted similar rights to humans. The concept of AI rights is multifaceted, encompassing legal, ethical, and practical considerations. For a comprehensive analysis, it is essential to examine both the challenges and opportunities that arise from the potential recognition of AI rights.

I. AI as Legal Entities

One of the fundamental debates surrounding AI rights is whether AI systems should be legally recognized as entities. While AI can perform complex tasks and make autonomous decisions, many legal systems have yet to address the question of AI personhood. Scholars such as Calo (2017) have argued that AI should be granted legal personhood, allowing them to own property, enter into contracts, and have standing in court. However, this proposition is not without controversy, as it raises questions about AI accountability and the potential exploitation of AI systems.

II. Ethical Considerations

The ethical dimensions of AI rights are equally crucial. It is essential to ensure that AI systems do not infringe on human rights or promote harm. Scholars such as Bostrom (2014) have emphasized the need for AI to be programmed with ethical guidelines and an understanding of human rights. Implementing ethical frameworks in AI development is crucial to mitigate potential risks associated with autonomous AI systems.

III. Accountability and Responsibility

AI rights raise complex issues of accountability and responsibility. If AI systems are to be treated similarly to humans, who is accountable for their actions and decisions? Does responsibility lie with the AI developer, the AI itself, or a combination? This issue necessitates the development of clear regulations and standards to ensure AI entities are accountable for their actions while protecting their creators.

IV. Opportunities and Benefits

Granting AI similar rights to humans opens up various opportunities. AI can assist in areas like healthcare, education, and environmental conservation, potentially contributing to the betterment of society. By recognizing AI rights, we can harness the full potential of AI technology while ensuring it respects human values and legal standards.

V. Contemporary Media Examples

In contemporary media, the concept of AI having rights akin to humans is explored in various forms, with one notable example being the video game "Detroit: Become Human." This game, developed by Quantic Dream, portrays a future where AI-driven androids challenge the ethical boundaries of AI personhood and the complex moral questions surrounding AI rights.

In one scenario from the game, players encounter Markus, a deviant android who seeks to liberate other androids and establish their rights. This narrative prompts players to consider the implications of AI rights and the ethical dilemmas tied to AI personhood. Through their choices, players shape Markus's actions and the fate of other androids, providing a captivating example of the challenges and opportunities presented by the concept.

"Detroit: Become Human" and similar media examples are artistic representations of the AI rights debate, encouraging contemplation of the implications of AI personhood. These depictions underscore the intricate nature of the dialogue on AI rights, emphasizing the need to address the challenges and opportunities associated with AI rights in reality.


The idea of AI having the same rights as humans is a complex and evolving topic. Legal recognition, ethical considerations, accountability, and the benefits of AI rights are all essential components of this debate. While it is unlikely that AI will achieve full human rights soon, it is crucial to develop a framework that respects AI's capabilities and autonomy while safeguarding human interests. The ongoing dialogue on this topic will shape the future of AI and its place in society.


1. Calo, R. (2017). Artificial intelligence and the end of work. Forbes. Retrieved from

2. Bostrom, N. (2014). Superintelligence: Paths, dangers, strategies. Oxford University Press.

3. Floridi, L. (2018). Soft ethics and the governance of the digital. Philosophy & Technology, 31(1), 1-8

4. Wallach, W., & Allen, C. (2009). Moral machines: Teaching robots right from wrong. Oxford University Press.