Artificial General Intelligence VS Artificial Narrow Intelligence

Describing the differences between AGIs and ANIs, and discussing the the debate of reaching AGIs.


Abdulrahman AlQady || Edited by I.T. Aras

10/22/20234 min read


Today, artificial intelligence has become an important part in all fields and cannot be dispensed with. In factories, websites, applications, and even cars, artificial intelligence is the language of the modern era (the era of technology). Today, everyone should learn artificial intelligence and its types. As Dave Water says: "Predicting the future isn’t magic, it’s artificial intelligence."

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is divided into two parts (AIN) Artificial narrow intelligence and (AGI) Artificial general intelligence.

Artificial narrow intelligence (ANI) is designed to perform specific tasks. Also known as weak AI, ANI is not able to learn beyond its programmed capabilities. For example, Alexa from Amazon.

Artificial general intelligence (AGI) aims to perform intellectual tasks the way a human can. Artificial general intelligence (AGI), also known as strong artificial intelligence, aims to learn and adapt to new situations, just as a person would, and is not limited to one specific task or field.

The difference between AGI and ANI

(AGI) is intended to perform any intellectual task a human can perform, while (ANI) is designed to perform a single task, or a group of tasks, based on its programming. There is a lot of progress we can see in (ANI) over the past few years. However, there is almost no progress in (AGI).

Can we reach AGI and when?

According to most AI experts, yes.

Before the end of the century. The consensus view was that it would take around 50 years in the 2010s. After the advancements in large language models (LLMs), Hinton, one of the leading AI researchers, has updated his view and believes it could take 20 years or less.

These studies and views may seem counterintuitive, but they make perfect sense when you consider these facts:

-Human intelligence will not change unless we somehow combine our cognitive abilities with machines. Elon Musk's Neural Lace startup aims to do just that, but research into brain-computer interfaces is still in its early stages.

-Machine intelligence depends on algorithms, processing power, and memory. Processing power and memory have been growing at an exponential rate. As for algorithms, until now we have been good at supplying machines with the necessary algorithms to use their processing power and memory effectively. -research aimultiple, Cem Dilmegani, 2023

Does artificial intelligence pose a major threat or are the dangers overblown?

Artificial intelligence has the potential to be both beneficial and dangerous. While AI has the potential to improve many aspects of our lives and solve complex problems, it also has the potential to be misused or to have unintended consequences.

Quotes about the threats of AI

“I think we should be very careful about artificial intelligence. If I were to guess like what our biggest existential threat is, it’s probably that. So we need to be very careful with the artificial intelligence. Increasingly scientists think there should be some regulatory oversight maybe at the national and international level, just to make sure that we don’t do something very foolish. With artificial intelligence we are summoning the demon. In all those stories where there’s the guy with the pentagram and the holy water, it’s like yeah he’s sure he can control the demon. Didn’t work out.” Elon Musk

“If this type of technology is not stopped now, it will lead to an arms race. If one state develops it, then another state will develop it. And machines that lack morality and mortally should not be given power to kill.” Bonnie Docherty, a Lecturer on Law at Harvard Law School's International Human Rights Clinic (IHRC).

“The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race… It would take off on its own, and re-design itself at an ever increasing rate. Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn’t compete, and would be superseded.” Stephen Hawking, theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author

“Think about all the personal information that is in your phone and social media. Have you wondered if artificial intelligence is using that information to manipulate you? Wonder no more, AI is doing exactly that.” Dave Waters

Inspiration quotes about AI

"I am in the camp that is concerned about superintelligence. First, the machines will do a lot of jobs for us and not be super intelligent. That should be positive if we manage it well. A few decades after that though the intelligence is strong enough to be a concern." - Bill Gates

"It is difficult to think of a major industry that AI will not transform. This includes healthcare, education, transportation, retail, communications, and agriculture. There are surprisingly clear paths for AI to make a big difference in all of these industries." Andrew Ng, Computer Scientist and Global Leader in AI

"The development of exponential technologies like new biotech and AI hint at a larger trend - one in which humanity can shift from a world of constraints to one in which we think with a long-term purpose where sustainable food production, housing, and fresh water is available for all." Arvind Gupta, Indian Toy Inventor

"AI is going to be extremely beneficial and already is, to the field of cybersecurity. It's also going to be beneficial to criminals." -Dmitri Alperovitch

How will AGI change the world?

AGI has the potential to give everyone incredible new capabilities; we can imagine a world where all of us have access to help with almost any cognitive task, providing a great force multiplier for human ingenuity and creativity. If AGI is successfully created, this technology could help us elevate humanity by increasing abundance, turbocharging the global economy, and aiding in the discovery of new scientific knowledge that changes the limits of possibility. (OpenAI)

In Conclusion, artificial intelligence is a big step in human history towards the age of technology. Artificial intelligence will change the course of history, as Nick Bostrom (a Swedish philosopher at the University of Oxford) said: “Machine intelligence is the last invention that humanity will ever need to make.


Aimultiple, 2023

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linkedin (quotes)

university of Wolverhampton, 2023

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openai, 2023

available at: https://.com/blog/planning-for-agi-and-beyond

themorning, 2023

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Forbes (quotes), 2019

Data Semantics, 2019

supplychaintoday (quoets)

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